BERNARD, TRISTAN (1866–1947), French playwright and novelist. Born in Besançon, Bernard began his career as a sports writer, but soon turned to the theater, where he was able to exercise his talent for comedy, good-humored satire, and witty observation of the man in the street. His bons mots were so famous that for three decades he was credited with many of the jokes current in France. Bernard wrote several novels, notably Mémoires d'un jeune homme rangé (1899), Amants et voleurs (1905), and Mathilde et ses mitaines (1912). He is best remembered, however, as the author of such hilarious comedies as Les pieds nickelés (1895), L'anglais tel qu'on le parle (1899), Le petit café (1911), Le prince charmant (1923), Jules, Juliette, et Julien (1929), Le sauvage (1931), and Que le monde est petit (1935). Tristan Bernard combined the wit of the French with the bitter humor of the Jew. Le Juif de Venise (1936) attempts to reinterpret the character of Shakespeare's Shylock. He was arrested by the Nazis during World War II but was released, following the intervention of influential friends. His son, JEAN-JACQUES BERNARD (1888–1972), also wrote a number of popular plays including Martine (1922) and L'invitation au voyage (1924). Though a convert to Catholicism, he was imprisoned at Compiègne for part of the Nazi occupation. His war experiences were recorded in Le camp de la mort lente (1945) and are reflected in the story, L'Intouchable (1947). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Blum, Tristan Bernard (Fr., 1925); P. Blanchart, Masques, 11 (1928); idem, Tristan Bernard, son oeuvre (1932); J.J. Bernard, Mon père, Tristan Bernard (1955). (Moshe Catane)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Bernard, Tristan — (1866 1947)    novelist, playwright    Born Paul Bernard in Besançon, Tristan Bernard, as he is known, was educated in Paris and studied law, although he never practiced it. After a brief business career, he began to contribute humorous pieces… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bernard, Tristan — ▪ French author pseudonym of  Paul Bernard   born Sept. 7, 1866, Besançon, France died Dec. 7, 1947, Paris       French playwright, novelist, journalist, and lawyer who wrote for the théâtre de boulevard, a genre meant to entertain middle class… …   Universalium

  • Tristan Bernard — (September 7, 1866 – December 7, 1947) was a French playwright, novelist, journalist and lawyer.Born Paul Bernard into a Jewish family in Besançon, Doubs, Franche Comté, France, the son of an architect. He left Besançon at the age of 14, moving… …   Wikipedia

  • Tristan Klingsor — (eigentlich Arthur Justin Léon Leclère), * 8. August 1874 in Lachapelle aux Pots (Département Oise); † 1966 in Paris) war ein französischer Schriftsteller, Komponist, Maler und Musikkritiker. Nach der Schulausbildung in seinem Geburtsort besuchte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Tristan Bernard — Tristan Bernard, 1898. Kaltnadelradierung von Toulouse Lautrec …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Tristan und Isolde — ( Tristan and Isolde , or Tristan and Isolda ) is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the romance by Gottfried von Straßburg. It was composed between 1857 and 1859 and… …   Wikipedia

  • Bernard Musson — Données clés Nom de naissance Bernard Claude Musson Naissance 22 février 1925 Cormeilles en Parisis, Val d Oise France Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tristan Demers — Naissance 19 septembre 1972 Montréal au Québec Nationalité  Canada Profession …   Wikipédia en Français

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